“Be” verb (e.g. am / is) 이에요. 예요.

Polite speech form: -요 is often attached at the end of a sentence.
Review following examples sentences with 이에요 or 예요 verb endings.

물 이에요.

Mul i-e-yo.
(It) is water.


water

이에요.
is

Tip

  • Subject is often omitted in Korean (e.g. It, I, He, She)
  • Korean verb (e.g. is) always comes at the end.

 

학생이에요.

Hakseng i-e-yo.
(I) am a student.

학생
student

이에요.
am / is

Tip

  • Since subject (e.g. It, I, He, She) is often omitted in Korean, 학생이에요 can mean “(He) is a student.” “(She) is a student.”

 

중국 사람이에요.

Jungguk saram i-e-yo.
(I) am Chinese.

중국사람
Chinese

이에요.
am / is

Tip

  • 사람 = person
  • 중국 사람이에요? = “Are you Chinese?” or “Is she Chinese?” or “Is he Chinese?”

 

뭐예요?

Mwo ye-yo?
What is (it)?


What

예요?
is

Tip

  • Use “ye-yo” instead of “i-e-yo” when a word ends with vowel sound.
  • Mwo ye-yo? (Here o sound in “mwo” is a vowel sound. So use “ye-yo”.)

 

이거 뭐예요?

i-guh mwo ye-yo?
What is this?

이거
This

 

어디예요?

Uh-di ye-yo?
Where are (you)?

어디
Where

예요?
are / is / am

 

카페예요.

Cafe ye-yo.
(I) am at a cafe.

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